American Booksellers Association and Civic Economics
First published September 2016
The American Booksellers Association and Civic Economics have long collaborated to study and describe the state of independent retail in America, but until last year those efforts have focused on various classes of bricks-and-mortar stores. Amazon and Empty Storefronts took that research into a new era. It was designed to provide policymakers and consumers with a better understanding of the impact at the state and local level of the growth of online retail as a substitute for storefront purchases. Empty Storefronts addressed 2014 data; this update brings the findings forward through 2015, highlighting the continued growth of Amazon and its impacts on American communities.